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History of Sun Temple of Konark


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An architectural marvel of Eastern India and the symbol of India’s heritage, Konark Sun Temple, commonly known as Konark, is located in the eastern province of Orissa (formerly Orissa), India, and is one of the popular broader attractions. Konark is a huge temple devoted to the sun god. The word ‘Konark’ is a combination of two words ‘Kona’ and ‘Arka’.

‘Kona’ means ‘Connor’ and ‘Arka’, meaning ‘sun’, so when it connects it becomes ‘Sun’s Conquer’. Konark Sun Temple is located in the north east corner of Puri and it is dedicated to God. Konark is also called Arka region. Three statues of the sun god are on the three different sides of the temple, in the morning and noon, in the right direction to catch the sun rays.

The Sun Temple of Konark, built in the middle of the 13th century, is a tremendous concept of artistic splendor and engineering proficiency. With the help of 1200 artisans within 12 years (1243-1255 AD), this temple was built by King Narasimha Dev, the great ruler of the Ganga kingdom. Because this ruler used to worship the sun, so it was considered a charioteer for sun god.

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The Konark temple was built in the form of a magnificent chariot with 24 feet, in which every 10 feet wide and 7 powerful horse was drawn. It is really difficult to understand that this Vishal Mandir, which was built in astonishing manner, could be completed in such a short time. Whatever may be the Konark temple in its current state of wasting, is still a surprise to the whole world. The great poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote about Konark: “The language of the stones is beyond the language of the people.”

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