In 1638, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan migrated from Agra to a newly constructed city in the capital of his state of Delhi, which he had called to Shahjahanabad. With the construction of this new city, he laid the foundation of his palace, the Red Fort or the Red Fort It took almost a decade to complete the fort of this big house with red window walls. It is considered to be a better scheme than the fort of Agra, because Shahjahan has learned from his experience there. This fort was a seat of the Mughal empire for nearly 200 years, until it fell into British hands. The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was crowned here in 1837, during this period it was said that his powers did not exceed the boundaries of his palace.
The Red Fort’s structure is a representative of cultural relations that brought Mughal India. It is an ancient civilization of the Mughal style that began with the first emperor and includes a fusion of Persian, temperament and Hindu traditions. Like most Mughal fortresses, the important room to visit is the Diwan-AM (public attendance hall) and Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of private audiences).At the entrance to the Dīvān-A’m, there is a Noubat-Khan (drum house) where musicians played during the ceremony. Diwan-i-Am is a large hall with nine bowl leaf. In this hall there is also a decorative Alcove where the royal tent will be kept. It is said that Diwan-i-Khas hosted Shah Jahan’s popular peacock throne, before it was taken by Persian Nadir Shah. Other places of the Red Fort include the Rang Mahal (Rangat Palace), Mumtaz Mahal (which has now been converted into a museum), the special palace (a private house with a fish or torture meal, a sleepy chamber or a cataclysm, a Choga Room or Posh Khana) and Hammam (an unusually decorated royal bath area on the north side of Diwan-i-Khas). The Mughal architecture is famous for its beautiful gardens, in the case of the Red Fort, the Hayat-bakhas-garden (gardening gardens) with their shrines.
Best time to visit: November to February
Location: Netaji Subhash Marg
Metro Station: Chandni Chowk
Weekly holiday: Monday
Entry fee: Rs. 10 (Indians), Rs. 250 (foreigners)
Special events: Sound and light show, 6pm onwards in Hindi and English at Rs. 80 for adults and Rs. 30 for children